Oscar Beriau, appointed by the Minister of Agriculture to be Director-General of Handicrafts of the Province of Québec in 1930, became a significant force in weaving in Canada in the 1930s and 1940s. Beriau founded a school for the domestic arts, hired weavers from the US and Europe to instruct future Québec teachers in the most modern, attractive, and efficient methods of weaving, and created a system for delivering these skills throughout the province. He published a book on natural dyeing, followed by two weaving books. The detailed instructions in these books, on everything from preparing and spinning wool to making ‘original’ works from drafts, was unprecedented at that time in materials available to home weavers. The drafts gave specific uses or functions for each woven piece.
The chair of this group began researching Oscar Beriau in 2001 with the intention of publishing a book to include both a history and sets of samples recreating the original drafts and drafts created by the sampler. There are no known collections of the original samples used in the original Beriau books. Beriau took care to suggest to weavers how they might take existing drafts and alter them to make something original. And in the spirit of Beriau and weavers at that time, we create both reproduction and original drafts.
There are two very different skill sets for this group: weaving something exactly as written, using materials appropriate for the time period; and creating a ‘new’ piece of cloth by altering fibers/drafts/etc. Sample drafts will be assigned (owning a book is not necessary), but weavers can indicate preferences. Participants receive a complete set of instructions upon joining.
It is the chair’s fondest dream that a trip be planned to Québec for all participants to experience the historic & beautiful areas of Québec where weaving thrived during Beriau’s time.
The picture shows a Takadai with Kumihimo in progress; from Sandy Jessett
There is one exchange per year, with samples due at the end of April. For the swap, each member will make enough samples for the group, plus one extra for the CW Library. These are to be mailed to the group chair prior to the due date. Each participant who submits samples will then receive a packet with sample braids from each of the others in the group. Following email discussions within the group, a new topic and the date for the next sample exchange will be decided. Samples of other braiding strands or techniques may be accepted. The samples are presented on card stock along with the braid diagram and all information pertinent to that braid, ie; name of braid, number of bobbins, yarn(s) used. We communicate by mail and e-mail and occasionally by telephone. Please contact the chair at the address above for further information.
In the featured image: “Last April I purchased a used 32 shaft V Loom with an e-lift from a woman living in the USA. After a four day road trip with a friend, the loom was home in my Canadian Studio. The loom, barely used, required some work to get it up and running. The cat fabric was woven with a warp of 2/20 Tencel black (tie-down thread) and a 50% Silk 50% Wool grey (pattern thread) with a weft of 2/8 Tencel in black. The tie downs were on shafts 1 & 2, pattern threads were on 3-32. The sett was 28 epi in a 12 dent reed, dented, 2, 2, 3. It was woven with an alternating tabby. The cat motif was taken from a knitting pattern.” By Catharine Wilson.
The CWSG more/less was originally designed in the fall of 1997 by Terri Tinkham as a way to share 24 shaft designs. This was for all levels of weavers with 24 shafts: challenging new owners to use their looms. Someday a break off from CWSG 24 may occur requiring originality and virtual samples. Even then, this original CWSG 24+/- will be maintained. Dottie Smith became chairman in 2004. We do a woven sample exchange. Anyone interested in using drafts with a minimum of 17 shafts is welcome to join. Those with more than 24 shafts are also welcome. This group encourages all levels of weaving. There are no limitations as to structure, fiber or design. There is no particular study assignment to a given year, the sky is the limit. We do ask that you submit a record sheet including the complete draft, software, loom, warp and weft yarns, sett and picks per inch with the woven sample. We encourage you to design your own drafts. We ask that your drafts be designed so that your woven samples will have at least two repeats of the threading and treadling if possible. Stand-alone motifs may be woven as just a single repeat. If your threading and/or treadling draft is extremely large, we will allow this but will ask for a decent representation of the draft and a complete computer draw down of the entire draft. A discussion of problems encountered, design process and thoughts, and notes of interest should be included. New members should contact Dottie Smith for a membership form. Invitation to membership goes out June 1st, with active membership dues paid by September15th, when membership closes. October 1st a letter goes out to all active members with a count of samples to be mailed anytime after October 31st and no later than February 15th. Exchange CWSG24 Packets will be mailed March 1st.
- June 1st: Invitation to membership in CWSG 24 +/- sent.
- By mid-September: Membership and dues due to CWSG 24 +/- chairman, Dottie Smith. Membership closes for the current year at this time.
- October 1st : Notification of the number of samples required for February 15th. Exchange and membership list sent.
- Samples must reach Dottie no later than February 15th. Exchange sample and draft mailed to CWSG chairman, Dottie Smith.
- March 1st Exchange samples mailed out to participants.
For weavers of Intermediate to Master skill levels to explore Tied-Weaves, Tied-Unit weave structures and weaves considered derivatives or variations of tied weaves, such as Taqueté, Samìtum, Lampas, etc. This does NOT include any weave that has ties, only those that are related in some significant way to the interlacement found in Tied Weaves. The broad study group goal is to better understand, create and define Tied-Weave structures, as well as create variants and methods to “break the rules”. Each member will explore any Tied-Weave structure or derivative of interest. If members choose a derivative their write up must include the reasons WHY the structure does not qualify as a Tied Weave and how it differs and resembles a Tied Weave.
Mandatory sample and information exchange due May 1 of each study group year.
On-line discussions and a private website for sharing photos, drafts and other visual information are in place. Members can share their questions, ideas, drafts and photos, enhancing our on-line study. All newsletters and correspondence, and the accompanying write-ups for the yearly sample exchange, will be done via email.
Write for a more detailed welcoming letter. Su Butler, email@example.com
Shown: A fancy twill. See the February 2009 CWJ for details.
Weave structure lesson topics are posted, and members can work at their own pace. Email, internet access, and weaving software that can write wif files required. Drafts will be shared on the Yahoo web page; dues cover the cost of a CD every two years. Send email to firstname.lastname@example.org
to join. Topics include:
- 01-Intro-Plain weave
- 02 Basket and Rib weaves
- 03-twills-3 and 4shaft
- 04-6 and 8-shaft twills
- 07-Lace weaves
- 08-Tied Weaves-assign
- 10-Twill variations
- 11-Creating Fancy Twills
- 13-Telescope analysis
- 14-Thoughts on Designing Double Weave
Philis Alvic’s ground warp is 10/2 cotton in purple and maroon with warp ties of 10/2 rayon in Hot Pink. For pattern weft, she used 3/2 cotton doubled, while the ground weft is 10/2 cotton in purple plus a strand of lurex. The structure is Beiderwand, which was the Sixteens’ assignment for 2010.
The Sixteens is a sample exchange group for weavers using 16 shafts. The weaving skills vary from some who are very knowledgeable to some new to 16 harnesses.In 1978 Marian Hoskinson circulated a letter to her wide circle of friends and acquaintances in the weaving world announcing the starting of a sample exchange group for “16-harness weavers”. Marian established the rules that we still live by. Each year a topic is selected, usually a weave structure. The weaver is to do research and exert her personal creativity in the sample. The sample is to be large, at least six inches square and must be extensively documented.Each year during the exchange month the members mail the samples to each member on the list. Marian limited the membership to 30 and for about half of the years a waiting list existed. Membership is currently set at 25. A core group from The SIXTEENS was involved in the founding of Complex Weavers. The idea was first suggested at Convergence in Colorado and then organized at the Midwest Weavers Conference. A group of us gave $5.00 each to Eleanor Best and told her to start a newsletter and gather other members. We realized that others with common interests in technical weaving possess other types of equipment and membership was not limited to weavers with looms of 16 or more harnesses. We wanted to build a network to share information, collectively investigate new topics, and help each other with individual problems. The objective would be beyond that of a sample exchange.
|1979: Twill / 1980: Biederwand / 1981: Damask / 1982: Doubleweave / 1983: Clothing Fabric / 1984: Double Two-Tie / 1985: Doubleweave / 1986: Park Weaves / 1987: Lace Weaves / 1988: Combined Weaves / 1989: Pique / 1990: Lampas / 1991: Twill Variations / 1992: Damask / 1993: Star & Diamond / 1994: Network Drafting / 1995: Stitched Doubleweave /
||1996: Taqueté / 1997: Brocade / 1998: 3 or 4 Tie Block Weaves Structures / 1999: O’Hara Technique / 2000: Bronson Lace / 2001: Integrated Cell Weaves / 2002: Blended Drafts / 2003: Network Drafting / 2004: Turned Overshot / 2005: Piqué / 2006: Turned Taqueté / 2007: Crackle / 2008: Shadow Weave / 2009: Echo Weave / 2010: Beiderwand / 2011: Corkscrew and Manifold Twills / 2012: Double Weave / 2013: Collapse / 2014: Four Color Double Weave / 2015: Deflected Double Weave / 2016: Lampas
|The notebooks, which can be borrowed through the Complex Weavers Library, are a valuable source of research on each individual weave structure.
THE SIXTEENS – RULES AND REGULATIONS
The assignment for 2017 is: Echo.
- All the skill and creativity of the weaver should be expended on the sample. Yarns, colors, designs, and sett are at the discretion of the weaver, but all 16 shafts should be used in the design.
- Specifications for the sample:
- Sample must be a minimum of six (6) inches square, finished.
- All raw edges must be finished.
- Wet finishing is strongly encouraged.
- If you choose a design larger than six inches square, send a 6″ x 6″ sample of a part of the piece and a photograph or scanned image of the complete pattern.
- Specifications for documentation:
- Research the weave structure and share sources.
- Include on all pages your name and the date of the sample.
- Include on the first page: your address, phone, and email (if you have it), yarn type and size, sett and reed, type of loom, and software used.
- Include a draft for a treadle loom and the pegging plan (liftplan) if you use a dobby.
- Include comments on any particular problems encountered and suggestions for others to use.
- Do NOT attach the sample to the documentation sheet.
- Do NOT punch holes in the sheet.
- Specifications for distribution:
- Mail all samples and documentation flat in a large envelope. Do NOT fold.
- Mail during the month of October.
- Send one sample to each person on the list, or send all samples to study group leader for distribution which will require additional fees.
- Send two samples to the Chair (see above): one for the Complex Weavers library, and one for her personal collection.
- Remit $5.00 dues to the Chair. These may be submitted when you send your samples.
- A member who wishes to resign, or to sit out for a year, should notify the Chair of that fact as early as possible, and certainly before September 1 of the sample year. (This is to help the rest of group plan the number of samples they will need to weave.)
- Remember, you must be a member of Complex Weavers to be a member of the Sixteens. Check to make sure your dues are paid.
- Failure to comply with the above regulations:
- If a member is unable to mail her samples during October, she must notify the others in the group to that effect, giving a date when the samples may be expected.
- Any member not sending a sample by the end of the calendar year in which it is due will not be allowed to participate the following year. However, exceptions may be granted for good reason. Requests for extended delay should be addressed to the Chair and include a reason for missing the deadline and the anticipated date of sending the samples.
- Please notify the Chair of potential new members so they may be sent information.
- The 16’s samples will be archived on CD as well as in paper format. Both paper and cloth samples and the CD will be available for loan from the Complex Weavers Library.
This group does a swatch exchange once a year. Notification of the number of samples required is sent out sometime in March and the sample due date is determined yearly. The group is limited to 15 members which, with a sample for the archives, means a member never needs to make more than 16 samples. This upper limit allows members to work on samples before actually knowing how many will be needed.
The purpose of this group is to allow members to create samples which are focused on their own particular areas of interest or to explore a facet of weaving which they have not tried before and are uncertain if they would continue to be interested in pursuing. Samples can be woven on any number of shafts, of a size to clearly show the structure, usually about 6″ by 6″, and are to be accompanied by the usual information: materials used, drafts, setts, finishing, shrinkage, as well as comments as to purpose, problems encountered and possible solutions, or whatever information is felt to be of interest to other group members. The “Old-Fashioned” means that samples can be woven on a standard treadle loom without use of a computer interface; treadle, table and computerized looms have been used in the past exchanges. CAD is fine.
The fee is US $7.50. We communicate mostly by e-mail, occasionally by phone or surface mail. Any level of weaving skill is acceptable. The idea is for each member to set their own learning goals and to share them with the other members. Over time quite a good, varied collection of samples will be accumulated.
Sample distribution will also be accompanied by a CD of drafts and pertinent information from those members who so consent.
The Jacquard Study Group is an on-line group with the goal of furthering individual knowledge and increasing participation in jacquard design and weaving. Participants need only be seriously interested in exchanging ideas for the purpose of learning more about jacquard weaving. Suitable topics for newsletter contributions include, but are not limited to, discoveries, new approaches, weaves, references, history, technical problems and/or solutions, to name a few. Topics related to both hand and industrial jacquard weaving are suitable.
The group uses an Internet mailing list to facilitate communication, and a password-protected web site to publish newsletter contributions and other jacquard-related reference materials. Access to the mailing list archives and to web site is available only to study group members.
Study group members must contribute at least one article a year for inclusion in the on-line newsletter, with submission deadlines of November 15 and May 15. Additional contributions are always welcome. Once sufficient newsletter contributions have accumulated, a CD of Jacquard Study Group newsletters is made as backup for the Complex Weavers Library.
Newsletter articles should be submitted in either Portable Document Format (for reading in Adobe Acrobat) or Rich Text Format (for conversion to Portable Document Format). Each page of a newsletter article must include the name of the writer, the title of the article, the date, the page number, and copyright information.
The annual fee for membership in the group is $5 in US funds, renewable each October. This fee covers the cost of printing and preparing copies of newsletters, as well as backup CD’s, and mailing them to the Complex Weavers Libraries and Archives.
Jacquard Additional Req.:Computer: An Internet mailing list is available for group communication.
Inquiries about joining the Jacquard Study Group should be directed to the Chair, whose email address is above.